Word List

Listed here are exceptions to AP Stylebook or Merriam-Webster online and house style for new and sometimes confusing terms

Alzheimer’s disease
African American, Asian American (no hyphens)
American Indian or Native American (conform to usage in cited research or source preference)
amid, among preferred (amidst, amongst in M-W as less common)
anesthesia, not anaesthesia (except in faculty titles or British spelling)
anti- close up in most cases; look in M-W and AP for exceptions and consider clarity for the reader
anticancer
Asians, Asian Americans, and Pacific Islanders (AAPI second reference)
attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)
 
B cell (all uses)
Black, but white, brown
cesarean section, but C-section
COVID-19; COVID (all caps)
 
data set
decision-making (in all uses)
Democratic senator, not Democrat senator
dengue, but Zika
DACA recipients; use Dreamers sparingly
 
eastern equine encephalitis (EEE); eastern equine encephalitis virus (EEE virus)
email, online, website
extensively drug-resistant tuberculosis (not extremely)
 
fundraising
 
germline
 
health care, but childcare, eldercare
herpesvirus
house officer
Huntington’s disease
 
ID as abbreviated form of identify/identified/identifies OK in heds and deks per AP: ID’d but IDs
 
non- close up in most cases; look in M-W and AP for exceptions and consider clarity for the reader
nonprofit
 
life span; health span
livestream; livestreaming
long-term; in the long term
Lyme disease
 
machine learning (n.); machine-learning (adj.)
monkeypox
 
OB-GYN (obstetrician-gynecologist)
obesity/overweight (conform to usage in cited research or source preference)
older adult, older person/people; do not use elderly, senior citizen
opioid addiction, opioid use (not abuse), opioid crisis
orthopedics, not orthopaedics (except in academic titles or British usage)
 
Patriots’ Day; Presidents Day (AP)
pediatrics, not paediatrics (except in academic titles or British usage)
phase 1, 2, 3 clinical trial (lowercase, Arabic numeral)
postdoctoral
preclerkship
pregnant woman/women; pregnant person/people; people who may become pregnant (conform to usage in cited research or source preference)
 
rainforest
reaccredit
rhabdovirus
RNA sequencing, but RNA-sequencing technique
 
standalone
stem cell gene
subspecialist
 
T cell (all uses)
television, not TV
they (singular, plural pronoun)
timeline
trans fat (no italics)
type 1/2 diabetes (lowercase, Arabic numeral)
 
underresourced
URiM (underrepresented in medicine)
U.S. for United States when preceding what it modifies: U.S. economy, but economy of the United States
 
Veterans Day (AP)
vice chair, vice president
 
webpage
white, but Black
 
X-ray (adjective and noun)
 
zebrafish
 
Questions? Contact Susan Karcz at susan_karcz@hms.harvard.edu

Updated August 2022